For those of you who can’t wait…
CBD oil is quickly growing into the leading health and wellness trend. Millions of people across the world are using this non-psychoactive supplement to address specific symptoms and support their overall health.
Having said that, the market for CBD oil is largely unregulated. Indeed, there isn’t much preventing companies from selling low-quality oils that may be contaminated or contain too little CBD or too much THC.
Consequently, it’s important to do your due diligence when shopping for CBD oil. This is why we researched dozens of CBD oil products to help you find the best ones.
Our recommendations are based on the following criteria:
Read on for our list of the best CBD oils currently available, broken down by overall quality, potency, value, and other useful categories.
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|CBD Concentration||300 mg - 3000 mg||15 mg - 600 mg||240 mg - 4850 mg||100 mg - 7500 mg||200 mg - 6000 mg||50 mg - 1500 mg||500 mg - 5000 mg||15 mg - 4000 mg||240 mg - 1800 mg||100 mg - 3500 mg||376 mg - 3960 mg||250 mg - 2000 mg|
|Price Range||$15 - $286||$6.99 - $174.99||$38.5 - $439||$9.99 - $339.99||$12 - $2400||$11.95 - $145.95||$35 - $240||$14.99 - $299.99||$34.99 - $274.99||$4.99 - $420||$5.95 - $249.95||$37.4 - $143.54|
|Price Per Mg CBD||$0.1 - $0.8||$0.09 - $0.21||$0.09 - $0.16||$0.04 - $0.1||$0.03 - $0.06||$0.06 - $0.2||$0.07 - $0.04||$0.07 - $0.3||$0.07 - $1||$0.06 - $1.2||$0.06 - $0.11||$0.08 - $0.15|
|THC Concentration||< 0.3%||< 0.3%||< 0.3%||< 0.3%||< 0.3%||< 0.3%||< 0.30%||< 0%||< 0.3%||< 0.3%||< 0.3%||< 0.2%|
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Operates both in Europe and the United States
Our top pick for the best full-spectrum CBD oil is Endoca. One of the oldest and most reputable European CBD companies, Endoca offers unrivaled quality.
The company’s full-spectrum tinctures contain the complete range of hemp’s cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other beneficial phytochemicals. They come in high potencies of 30 mg or 150 mg/ml in a 10 ml bottle and two formulations: regular and raw.
The raw formula is unprocessed, providing high levels of CBDA, the parent molecule of CBD. This formula is ideal for people who want to use hemp in a form as close to natural as possible.
We tested Endoca’s CBD oil through our own independent lab (Canalysis Labs), finding it to be one of the highest-quality CBD products we’ve come across.
The tests revealed that Endoca’s 300 mg raw CBD oil contained high levels of minor cannabinoids such as THCV, CBDV, CBG, CBDA, and CBC. Since these cannabinoids have benefits of their own and amplify the effects of CBD, this makes Endoca’s CBD oil more effective than regular CBD oils.
These results aren’t surprising; Endoca grows its hemp directly in Denmark instead of purchasing it from another producer and tests it at every step of cultivation and processing to maintain strict quality control. It also utilizes comprehensive third-party testing.
Endoca’s CBD oil costs €25.69–114.68 or €0.08–0.09 per mg of CBD. This price is close to the average for CBD tinctures but still offers great value because of its premium quality.
Endoca ships worldwide and has a dedicated facility in California for American orders.
CBDfx is another excellent choice for full-spectrum CBD oil. This popular company offers a great combination of value, quality, and product options.
CBDfx’s tinctures are available in three potencies: 7, 33, and 50 mg/ml for a total of 500–1500 mg CBD per 30 ml bottle. These potencies correspond to low, medium, and high CBD dosages, so it’s easy to find the strength that works for you.
In addition, you can choose between unflavored and flavored tinctures, which come in blueberry pineapple, lychee lemon kiwi, and lemon lime mint flavors.
Better yet, third-party tests show that CBDfx’s hemp extract contains notable amounts of minor cannabinoids such as CBDV, which add to the beneficial effects of CBD.
CBDfx’s CBD oil costs $59.99–119.99, or $0.08–0.12 per mg of CBD. This price is close to the average for CBD tinctures. CBDfx’s products are sourced from organic hemp cultivated in Kentucky. They undergo extensive third-party lab testing to verify their potency and safety.
Colorado’s NuLeaf Naturals is another excellent choice for full-spectrum CBD oil.
One of the oldest and most experienced CBD brands in the U.S., NuLeaf sells only CBD oil, choosing to perfect the most effective way of taking CBD rather than selling dozens of products.
Its full-spectrum CBD oil is available in one, high potency of 50 mg/ml. That’s a great all-around concentration that will work for both new users and people with high CBD dosage preferences. It’s sold in 5 ml, 15 ml, 30 ml, 50 ml, or 100 ml bottles with a total of 240–4850 mg of CBD.
According to our own independent tests, NuLeaf’s CBD oil contains significant levels of minor cannabinoids, including CBDV, CBG, and CBC. This makes it more effective than most CBD oils on the market.
NuLeaf Naturals’ CBD oil costs $38.50–439.00, which is equivalent to $0.09–0.16 per mg. Relative to other CBD tinctures, this price is average. However, you’re still getting good value because of the company’s excellent quality. You can also buy the oil in multi-packs for higher savings.
NuLeaf makes its tinctures from organic, non-GMO hemp grown in Colorado, the undisputed leader of the U.S. hemp farming industry. It also provides extensive third-party lab test results to confirm the potency and safety of its products.
Broad-spectrum CBD is a whole-plant extract that contains all of hemp’s cannabinoids and other beneficial compounds but with zero THC. Our top pick for this category is cbdMD, a leading brand that offers only THC-free products.
The company’s CBD oil comes in seven potency options ranging from as low as 10 mg/ml to as high as 250 mg/ml. This way, virtually anyone can find a CBD concentration that works best for their particular needs.
This CBD oil is available in 30 and 60 ml sizes with a total of 300–7500 mg CBD. It comes in natural, berry, orange, and mint flavors.
CbdMD’s tinctures cost $29.99–339.99. This translates to about $0.05–0.10 per mg of CBD, a cost that’s lower than average for tinctures. They’re derived from non-GMO, organic hemp grown in Colorado and Kentucky.
Our top recommendation for pure CBD isolate tinctures is Lazarus Naturals. This popular, employee-owned company is known for its hard-to-beat combination of low prices, high quality, and transparency.
Lazarus’ CBD isolate tinctures have a high potency of 50 mg/ml and come in 15 ml (750 mg CBD) and 60 ml (3000 mg CBD) sizes. They’re available in flavorless as well as three flavored varieties: blood orange, tropical breeze, and wintermint.
These third-party tested tinctures are derived from organic, non-GMO hemp cultivated in Oregon, most of which comes from Lazarus’ own farm.
In terms of price, Lazarus Naturals’ CBD isolate tinctures costs $32–110 or only $0.04 per mg of CBD. That’s far below the average for CBD isolate tinctures. On top of that, the company provides a 60% discount to veterans, low-income families, and people with disabilities.
PlusCBD Oil Drops and Spray
If you’re looking for a high-quality CBD oil available in different formulations, PlusCBD is a great option. One of the most experienced CBD brands in the world, PlusCBD offers three full-spectrum oil formulas:
All three formulas are dissolved in extra virgin olive oil and may contain natural flavoring.
Plus CBD sources hemp from the Netherlands and uses CO2, the most advanced method of CBD extraction, to formulate its full-spectrum oils.
The company tests all of its products in-house for potency, pesticides, and other contaminants, before having a third-party lab perform tests of its own. The results of these third-party tests are available on each product page.
Plus CBD is also the first and one of the only CBD companies to achieve the FDA’s self-affirmed Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) status, which means its CBD hemp extract underwent rigorous scientific studies done by a panel of experts to ensure that it’s safe for consumption.
Better yet, the company is certified by the U.S. Hemp Authority, which highlights its commitment to high production standards.
PlusCBD’s tinctures cost $22.95–$145.95 or about $0.16 per mg of CBD, which is considered a bit higher than average.
Founded in 2015, cbdMD is one of the leading American CBD brands known for producing THC-free, broad-spectrum products. The company’s lineup includes CBD tinctures, bath bombs, gummies, creams, pet products, and topicals.
CbdMD is a nationally recognized name in the CBD industry, with its products available in 700 retail locations across the United States. Each product is made from non-GMO, organic hemp that is grown in America and comes with third-party lab test results.
This is also the brand to go for if you are not fond of the earthy taste of unflavored CBD oil, as the company offers multiple flavors.
CbdMD offers two types of CBD oils: regular and sleep-focused. The regular tinctures come in seven potency options ranging from as low as 10 mg CBD per ml to as high as 250 mg. This way, virtually anyone can find a CBD potency that works best for their particular needs.
These oils are available in 30 and 60 ml sizes with a total of anywhere from 300 to 7500 mg of CBD. They’re available in natural, berry, orange, and mint flavors. All of cbdMD’s tinctures are made with broad-spectrum CBD and contain MCT oil as a carrier oil.
Meanwhile, the sleep-focused CBD PM tincture contains melatonin, a research-backed sleep aid, as well as a blend of herbs historically used to help with sleep: chamomile, valerian root extract, passionflower, cascade hops, and lemon balm. This mint-flavored tincture contains 500 mg of CBD in a 30 ml bottle.
CbdMD’s tinctures cost anywhere from $29.99 to $339.99. This translates to about $0.07 per mg of CBD, a cost that’s lower than average.
If value is your top concern, the CBD oil from CBDistillery is one of the best options. The company offers both full-spectrum and CBD isolate oils at incredibly low prices without sacrificing in quality.
The CBDistillery name is very much synonymous with exceptional quality and value. This Colorado-based company was founded in 2016 and has grown by leaps and bounds since then. CBDistillery offers full-spectrum and THC-free CBD oils, capsules, gummies, isolates, topicals, and vape products with multiple potencies.
With its low prices and focus on quality and accountability, it’s not hard to see why CBDistillery is a popular CBD brand.
The company sources non-GMO, organic, pesticide-free hemp from Colorado and utilizes CO2 extraction, one of the safest and most efficient ways to extract CBD.
What’s more, CBDistillery utilizes extensive third-party testing for all its products. These lab results are easily available on the company’s website.
CBDistillery’s CBD oil is available in both full-spectrum and THC-free versions. It has an exceptionally low price of about $0.06 per mg of CBD, with even lower prices when you purchase the higher CBD strength options.
Both the full-spectrum and THC-free oils are available in five potencies ranging from low (8 mg CBD per ml) to very high (167 mg/ml) and contain MCT oil. They’re sold in 30 ml bottles and coust anywhere from $20 to $240.
Watch our video review of CBDistillery
Operates both in Europe and the United States
With a potency of 30 or 150 mg of CBD per ml, Endoca is one of the best choices for high-strength CBD oil.
This European company is one of the oldest CBD brands around. It was founded in 2008 by Danish biochemist Henry Vincenty, who decided to start a CBD company after his experience helping people with chronic health problems.
Endoca offers CBD oils, creams, capsules, concentrates, pet formulations, isolates, edibles, and other products.
Endoca has complete oversight of its hemp cultivation. The organic, non-GMO hemp it uses comes from Scandinavia. The company is involved at each stage of the manufacturing process, from harvesting the crops to distributing the final products. First, it tests the hemp seeds and growing plants.
Endoca then uses the CO2 extraction method to isolate CBD and tests the extracts again before working with an independent lab to provide third-party testing. Thanks to these strict practices, Endoca can keep a firm hand on quality control.
Endoca operates both in Europe and the United States, with its European orders coming from a German facility, while the US orders come from California.
The company’s CBD oil is a great choice if you’re looking for potent tinctures. It comes with a potency of 30 mg or 150 mg CBD per ml which will be enough to meet the needs of the vast majority of people. This CBD oil is sold in 10 ml bottles and contains full-spectrum CBD alongside hemp seed oil. It’s also available in a “raw” version where the hemp extract is as unprocessed as possible, which means it contains high levels of CBD’s parent compound, CBDA.
Endoca’s CBD oils cost $26 or $115. This translates to about $0.09 per mg of CBD, a below-average cost.
CbdMD is another excellent choice if you’re looking for high-potency CBD oil. The brand offers seven CBD oil strengths ranging from a low of 10 mg CBD per ml to a high of 250 mg/ml.
Those who prefer a stronger potency can opt for a higher concentration, while those who are just starting with CBD can take it gradually with the gentler options. This makes it easy to find the CBD potency that suits your particular dosage requirements.
CbdMD’s CBD oil comes in 30 or 60 ml bottle containing 300 to 7500 mg of CBD. It’s made with broad-spectrum CBD extract and coconut-derived MCT oil.
CbdMD’s tinctures cost anywhere from $29.99 to $339.99. This is equivalent to $0.07 per mg of CBD: an affordable, below-average price.
One of the best known CBD brands in the U.S, Hemp Bombs is a solid choice if you’re looking for a high-quality CBD oil.
Founded in 2016, Hemp Bombs is a Florida-based CBD company known for its exceptionally wide range of THC-free CBD products, which includes oils, capsules, gummies, e-liquids, vape tanks, topicals, shots, syrup, pet products, and even CBD-infused beard oil. Furthermore, these products are available in numerous flavors and potencies.
Hemp Bombs has a strong commitment to quality, highlighted by using only non-GMO, organic hemp grown in America. The company utilizes supercritical CO2 extraction to make its products, which is widely considered the cleanest, most efficient method to extract CBD.
Another way the company maintains high quality is third-party testing, the results of which are available on every product page.
Hemp Bombs’ CBD oil is available in an impressive six potencies ranging from 4 to 133 mg of CBD per ml. It contains pure CBD mixed with three carrier oil ingredients: MCT, grape seed, and hemp seed oil. Considering that most companies only use the cheaper MCT oil, the fact that Hemp Bombs also includes grape seed and hemp seed — two more expensive options — further signifies its commitment to quality.
This CBD oil comes in five flavors: unflavored, acai berry, orange creamsicle, peppermint, and watermelon. It’s sold in 30 ml bottles containing 125 to 4000 mg of CBD.
In terms of price, Hemp Bombs’ CBD oil costs $24.99 to $299.99 or about $0.13 per mg of CBD.
Watch our video review of Hemp Bombs
If pleasant-tasting CBD oil is what you’re after, you can’t go wrong with CBDfx. This company is known for products with an extensive array of delicious flavors and its CBD oil tinctures are no different.
Located in Southern California, CBDfx was founded in 2012. The company has a wide range of CBD offerings, including CBD oils, sublingual strips, gummies, vape pens and e-liquids, topicals, drinks, and pet products.
What really makes CBDfx stand out, however, is flavor. Its products not only taste delicious but come in multiple flavor options.
Aside from that, CBDfx checks off all the boxes of a great CBD company. It sources hemp from the Netherlands, uses the industry gold standard supercritical CO2 extraction method, and provides third-party test results for everyone to see.
Given the company’s strong focus on great-tasting products, it’s not surprising that its CBD oil is available in both plain, unflavored versions as well as three delicious flavors: blueberry pineapple, lychee lemon kiwi, and lemon lime mint. This makes CBDfx’s tinctures a great option for people who either find the natural taste earthy taste of CBD oil too strong or prefer a sweet flavor.
Both the standard and flavored CBD oils from CBDfx are available in potencies of 17, 33, and 50 mg CBD per ml with a total of 500, 1000, or 1500 mg of full-spectrum CBD. They contain coconut-derived MCT oil as a carrier oil and the flavored tinctures also have natural flavoring.
The price range for CBDfx’s tinctures is between $59.9 and $119.99. The cost per mg of CBD is about $0.1, which is close to the market average.
Watch our video review of CBDfx
Watch our interview with CBDfx at the Miami USA CBD Expo
Charlotte’s Web is one of the best-known names in the CBD industry, making them a top choice for exceptional CBD oil.
This company offers full-spectrum CBD oils, capsules, gummies, and pet products. Charlotte’s Web was founded in 2013 by the seven Stanley Brothers and has an inspirational backstory. The brothers created the high-CBD/low-THC strain of cannabis called Charlotte’s Web in 2011, which they used to help a girl named Charlotte find relief from debilitating seizures.
Charlotte’s Web stands out as a reputable, trusted name in the CBD industry and works to maintain quality at every step of the manufacturing process. The company starts with non-GMO, organic hemp sourced from Colorado, Oregon, and Kentucky — the leading hemp industry states in the country.
The company tests the soil and water used in hemp cultivation to make sure they’re free of contaminants and even tests the growing plants themselves to maintain an ideal composition of terpenes and cannabinoids, the main beneficial ingredients in hemp. It then uses ethanol extraction, a safe, efficient, natural method of extracting full-spectrum CBD.
Charlotte’s Web also provides comprehensive third-party testing reports of its products on its website. Thanks to its strong reputation and quality standards, it’s one of the few CBD brands to be certified by the U.S. Hemp Authority.
If you’re looking for CBD oil from a brand you can trust, Charlotte’s Web is a great choice. The company offers premium-quality full-spectrum and CBD isolate oils with multiple potencies:
The price range of Charlotte Web’s CBD oils is between $39.99 and $299.99. This is equivalent to about $0.12 per mg of CBD, which is around average. However, the price can be as low as $0.05 if you buy versions with higher CBD strengths.
Green Roads is another brand with a stellar reputation that offers high-quality CBD oil.
This company was founded back in 2012 by a licensed pharmacist and a business executive who saw the potential of CBD first-hand and decided to bring it to the world. Green Roads offers CBD oils, gummies, capsules, syrups, pet formulations, and CBD-infused tea and coffee.
Green Roads values transparency and quality above all else, working hard to establish trust with its customers. To that end, the company provides clear information about hemp source, extraction method, and third-party testing.
Green Roads’ organic, non-GMO hemp comes from Colorado and undergoes supercritical CO2 extraction, a leading CBD extraction method. Furthermore, the company posts comprehensive third-party test reports for all products.
It also lists clear information about all of its products, including dosage instructions, ingredients, and FAQs. And while many CBD companies feel like anonymous entities, Green Roads is proud to share the story of its co-founders.
For people looking for CBD tinctures, Green Roads offers three types of products:
The price range of these oils is between $5 and $342.5. This translates to about $0.16 per mg of CBD.
Watch our video review of Green Roads
If you’re in the market for a THC-free CBD oil, Receptra Naturals is a solid choice. This affordably priced broad-spectrum CBD oil has a strong-enough potency to meet most people’s CBD dosage needs and comes with a pleasant flavor.
Receptra Naturals is a Colorado CBD brand established in 2016. Receptra offers full-spectrum and THC-free CBD oils, topicals, and pet products with varying strengths. The company has a strong focus on athletes and other active individuals, which explains why many of its products include extra ingredients aimed at reducing pain and inflammation.
Receptra sources organic, non-GMO hemp from family farms in Colorado. It also utilizes extensive third-party testing and posts the test results online for everyone to access.
Receptra offers an Elite – 0% THC which is made with broad-spectrum CBD, a type of extract that contains all of the same beneficial ingredients as full-spectrum hemp but without any THC.
This CBD oil has a potency of 33 mg CBD per ml. It uses a mix of standard carrier oils alongside mint and berry flavoring and comes in a 30 ml container with a total of 1000 mg CBD.
This THC-free CBD oil costs $89.95 or $0.09 per mg of CBD — a price that’s just around the market average.
Watch our video review of Receptra Naturals
Charlotte’s Web is another solid choice for THC-free CBD oil. The company offers an unflavored CBD oil tincture made with pure CBD (isolate) with a potency of 20 mg CBD per ml.
This oil comes in a 30 ml bottle with 600 mg of CBD total. It costs $99.99, which is equivalent to about $0.17 per mg of CBD.
Fourfivecbd is a great option for UK residents looking for a THC-free CBD oil because the company goes above and beyond to make sure its 0% THC tincture is completely free of the intoxicating cannabinoid.
This young company was founded in 2018 by two British rugby players — George Kruis and Dom Day — who used CBD to help them recover from their injury-prone profession.
Fourfivecbd sells CBD oils, capsules, and topicals aimed at athletes and other active individuals. The hemp sources for fourfiveCBD are the Netherlands, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, and Croatia. Better yet, the company uses CO2 extraction, the most advanced way to extract CBD and other beneficial compounds from hemp.
And like any serious brand, Fourfive provides third-party lab test reports for all of its products.
Fourfivecbd is a great choice for THC-free CBD oil because the company works together with the Banned Substance Control Group (BSCG), an organization that verifies that the CBD oil does not contain THC or any other compound banned in athletic competition.
The company’s 0% THC CBD oil has a potency of 33 mg CBD per ml. It contains pure CBD mixed with MCT oil as a carrier oil and comes in a 30 ml bottle with a total of 1000 mg CBD.
The oil is priced at £74.99 or £0.07 per mg of CBD, a price that’s just about average for the UK CBD market.
Watch our interview with fourfive CBD
CBD is short for cannabidiol, one of hundreds of substances (called cannabinoids) found in plant of the species Cannabis. It is believed that cannabinoids perform various functions in the plant, including protecting the plant from UV radiation. There are a few important things to note about CBD.
Research into the potential uses of CBD is in its early stages, but CBD has been shown to be useful for:
Research into further applications of CBD, including the treatment of heart disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, psychotic disorders, addiction disorders and cancer is being pursued. At this point it is too early to make definitive statements regarding the value of CBD in the amelioration of such conditions.
One thing to bear in mind is that it is not a great idea to self-treat without any input from an objective healthcare professional. In addition, some people feel that if it is natural, it can’t possibly harm anyone. Well—cyanide is a natural product found, for example, in not-quite-ripe elderberries. And cyanide, we all know, is a poison. So the best advice is to work with a knowledgeable healthcare professional who can objectively determine how to best address your unique situation.
CBD can have adverse effects. These are usually minor and don’t last very long but CBD can interfere with other medicines. CBD has been shown to be safe at doses of 300mg/day for up to six months with higher doses (1200-1500 mg/day) for up to 4 weeks.
Adverse effects include a dry mouth, diarrhea, decreased appetite, fatigue, sleepiness and changes in mood. Sometimes, these are actually the desired effects but such alterations can become a problem. For example, if someone uses CBD to help them sleep, that is fine, but if that same CBD makes them drowsy while driving to work, that is a problem.
Also, CBD can interact with prescription medications, sometimes in a significant way. Major interactions can occur between CBD and the anti-seizure medications clobazam (Sympaza™, Onfi®) as well as valproic acid (Depakote, Depakene, Stavzor). Individuals on these medications should consult a physician before using CBD.
CBD can increase blood levels of macrolide antibiotics, calcium channel blockers, benzodiazepines, cyclosporine, sildenafil (and other PDE5 inhibitors), antihistamines, haloperidol, anti-retrovirals, and some statins (atorvastatin and simvastatin, but not pravastatin or rosuvastatin). CBD can also increase blood levels of SSRIs, tricyclic antidepressants, antipsychotics, beta blockers, opioids, including codeine and oxycodone, and blood thinning agents. Finally, if you have a history of heart, liver or kidney disease or have a suppressed immune system, talk to your doctor or specialist before using CBD.
It is important for you to know that, according to the US National Cancer Institute (NCI), CBD has a low addiction potential.
Humans and other animals have a natural system called the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and yes, it was named for the cannabinoids found in cannabis plants.
One of the major ways signals are conducted through the body is via receptor-ligand interaction. Think of it as a lock and key system where the receptor is the lock and the ligand is the key. There are naturally produced ligand/keys, the endocannabinoids and there are natural receptors/locks in the body. The endocannabinoid system works via a series of endocannabinoids/keys that bind to the receptors/locks to affect various biological systems such as the neural tissue that governs appetite, the immune and digestive systems and the neural tissue that mediates the pain response, sleep cycle, libido, mood, memory, muscle function and temperature regulation.
There are two types of receptors/locks in the ECS called CB1 and CB2. CB1 is found primarily in the central nervous system which includes the brain and spinal cord. THC binds mostly to CB1 receptors and this appears to be how it produces a high.
CB2 receptors, by contrast, are found in the peripheral nervous system. This system consists of the nerves that function in your arms, legs and anywhere outside the brain and spinal cord. CBD binds primarily to the CB2 receptors outside of the brain and spinal cord. This is one reason CBD does not give you a “high” as THC does: different receptors mediate different effects.
CBD does, however, appear to slow down the degradation of the natural cannabinoids such as anandamide, which DOES bind to CB1 receptors. This is believed to be the mechanism by which CBD reduces anxiety and depression. It does so by allowing the natural endocannabinoid to remain around longer and affect mood for a longer period of time. However, as stated above, this is an indirect effect on the ECS and is not considered a psychoactive effect.
CBD can be found in the form of an oil, a capsule, a topical cream or lotion and in edible forms, often as a “gummy”. It can be smoked, vaped, ingested or applied to the skin (topicals). What form is best for you depends on a number of personal factors and the nature of your particular condition. Here are some general guidelines.
There is no standard “take one before every meal” in the CBD-world. In general, taken as a vape, about 50% of the CBD in the vape is bioavailable or, in other words, about 50% of the amount of CBD contained in the vape liquid can be taken up by your body. For CBD taken orally and topically, that bioavailability can range from about 5 to 30%. This can be affected by a number of factors including how it is delivered, how well your liver metabolizes it, your weight, and how often the CBD is taken. For topical applications, absorption can depend on how much fat is under the skin. For the most part, topical applications will only work on that specific area of skin.
This all means that you have to go through a process of some trial and error, always keeping in mind to “Start Low and Go Slow”. While it does take some time, it is also the safest and most cost-efficient way to go. Take your time and “listen” to how your body is responding. For most people, finding the “sweet spot” for dosing is worth the time and effort it takes, as your research is an investment in obtaining the relief you are seeking.
The labels of many products can be confusing. For some products, the total amount of CBD in the entire container (eg. creams, lotions) is given, so you have to do some mental gymnastics and frankly, guess how much actual CBD you are using. If you are using gummies, for example, it is easier. If each gummy contains, say, 1 mg of CBD and you cut it into quarters, each quarter will have about 0.25 mg.
For oils, the concentration is given in mg/ml. For most droppers, there are 20 drops per mL so one drop is equivalent to ~ 1/20th or 5% of the total amount in mgs. If, for example, the entire bottle is 30 mL and that 30 mL contains 1500 mg of CBD, the amount of CBD/mL is 1500mg/30mL= 50 mg/mL. If there are 20 drops/mL, then there are 50mg/20 drops or 2.5 mg/drop.
There are three basic forms to look at that will contain CBD.
Full spectrum CBD contains compounds found naturally occurring in the plant, including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids. While the industrial hemp plant contains very low amounts of THC, full spectrum products may contain a similar low amount. Why use full spectrum? In herbal medicine, it has long been believed that an extract containing as many of the natural compounds in their natural form provides the best therapeutic value because the plant naturally possesses substances that help control the actions of other substances. This is sometimes called the “entourage effect”. As an example, in plant strains which contain THC (remember, hemp contains very little THC), CBD often works to control, in a sense, the actions of THC. It is believed that the other cannabinoids, terpenes and other plant constituents play a role in the entourage effect.
In “broad spectrum” CBD, all of the THC is removed, leaving the CBD, other cannabinoids and, depending on the extraction procedure used, terpenes and other substances.
This is the purest form of CBD, with all other cannabinoids, terpenes, essential oils and other substances removed.
There are pros and cons to each form of CBD. For some forms of epilepsy and in some animal studies, for example, very small amounts of THC appear to be beneficial and full spectrum CBD may be useful.
Broad spectrum CBD retains most of the other natural cannabinoids, terpenes and essential oils. This is a form similar to traditional herbal medicines. It may have a strong odor and taste, but can be used for many different conditions without any risk at all of psychotropic effects or a positive test for THC.
CBD isolate will be tasteless (unless a flavoring is added) and odorless with no risk of a positive THC test or any psychoactive effects. It will also likely contain the highest concentration of CBD.
CBD in any form can be stored in the refrigerator but does not need to be stored cold. It can also be stored at room temperature, but in a dark container and away from any source of excess heat.
CBD is fat-soluble rather than water-soluble. Think of vinaigrette and oil salad dressings;the oil and water fractions separate because substances that can dissolve in oil usually cannot dissolve in water and vice versa.
Why does that matter? It matters because different methods of extraction can be used to “pull out” the CBD from the plant. The two best methods use ethanol or even better, a process called “supercritical CO2 extraction” which results in the purest and highest quality CBD with very few contaminants.
Ethanol extraction uses ethanol (also known as grain alcohol) as a solvent. This material is incapable of dissolving much of the waxy substance found within the plant. Cold ethanol extraction also can leave cannabis terpenes intact. Terpenes give the CBD oil its taste and may have some medicinal value as well. However, chlorophyll, lipids, and other components of the hemp plant don’t get extracted as well and the process may alter the taste of the CBD oil.
Supercritical CO2 extraction uses cooled CO2 under increasing temperature and pressure to extract CBD. THe temperature and pressure can be adjusted to “fine tune” the substances extracted from the hemp. Subcritical CO2 extraction retains the terpenes and essential oils.
Supercritical CO2 extraction has some advantages over the more traditional ethanol extraction methods– supercritical CO2 extraction will remove waxes, chlorophyll, lipids, terpenes and other substances while leaving behind CBD. Subcritical CO2 extraction has these advantages and this extraction technique retains the terpenes and other essential oils. A disadvantage of both types of CO2 extraction methods is that it can be expensive and time consuming.
The hemp from which the CBD is derived should be organically and sustainably grown, ideally. Organic farming procedures will ensure that it is pesticide free. Sustainable farming will ensure that future supplies are protected. You will have to check with individual companies to see how they grow or otherwise obtain their hemp.
On a related note, the CBD should be derived from the hemp plant, rather than the seeds. Hemp seeds only contain trace amounts of CBD. The seed oil has nutritional value and is often used in other products such as skin-care products.
To get the highest quality CBD oil, you should also look for products that are third party tested: that is the oil should be tested by an objective lab so that you have some certainty that the amount of CBD that is claimed to be in the bottle of oil is actually there. This is important as the biggest and highest quality CBD brands will always use 3rd party testing labs because it serves as a form of quality control. The producer will know and YOU will know that the quantity of CBD listed on the label of the bottle is actually the quantity of CBD in the bottle or other container.
Depending on where you live, CBD oil may be available to you at the corner store, the local pharmacy, at a local dispensary or online.
Pricing can be confusing, but the most straightforward approach is to look at the cost of CBD per mg. To do this, first figure out the total amount of CBD in the product. As previously mentioned, this may be the amount stated on the container.
For an example, we will begin with one 30 mL bottle that contains a total of 510 mg of CBD, which means there are 17 mg/ml. If the cost of that bottle is $39.99, then $39.99/510 mg = $0.0607/1 mg or about 6 cents per mg.
Here’s another example for capsules. If there are 30 capsules in one bottle, you get 15 mg/serving (one capsule) and the bottle costs $34.99, then the cost for a single 15 mg capsule is $34.99/30= $1.17 per capsule. The cost of each mg is $1.17/15mg ≈ $0.08/mg.
At Leafreport, our mission is to help you find the best CBD product with the finest quality and at the most economical price. We will also provide you with a range of other criteria including types of products, transparency of the company, the company’s reputation and further relavant information.
Many people find CBD oils are a taste that may take some time getting used to. For this reason, many companies produce flavored oils and edibles. Your own likes and preferences can be your guide here. Fruit flavors are often perceived as being capable of masking the CBD taste better than other flavors, but if you have your heart set on chocolate-mint, go for it!
Depending on where you live, the legal status of CBD can vary. Do your research about the legal issues associated with CBD in your part of the world. In the US, hemp products with <%0.03 THC are legal under federal statutes, but not necessarily legal in every state.
If you work in a job that requires drug testing, there may be some false positives for THC depending upon the quality of the testing performed and the particular lab used. The chemical structures of THC and CBD are similar. This may be what leads to a false positive result when the test used by an employer is not sufficiently specific or sensitive. If you find yourself in this situation, insist that any testing to be performed be able to discriminate between CBD and THC. These types of tests tend to be more expensive. Every test has an inherent potential for false positives, so requesting additional repeat testing is another valid approach. Finally, purchasing high quality CBD where the THC content (or lack of THC) has been verified by third party testing, can protect you from false positive results.